A produtora norte-americana de petróleo e gás Anadarko Petroleum afirmou nesta quarta-feira que espera tomar uma decisão final de investimento no primeiro semestre de 2019 sobre a construção do primeiro terminal de exportação de gás natural liquefeito em Moçambique.
Mitchell Ingram, vice-presidente executivo da Anadarko, internacional, em águas profundas e exploração, disse na Conferência Mundial de Gás em Washington, DC que o produtor de petróleo e gás dos EUA está pronto para avançar com o projeto de Moçambique depois de alinhar clientes suficientes para o GNL.
Ingram disse que a empresa está em processo de converter os contratos de vendas em contratos de vendas vinculantes e aumentar o financiamento para o projeto.
“Quando concluirmos isso, estaremos prontos para tomar uma decisão final de investimento no primeiro semestre de 2019”, disse ele.
He spoke a couple of weeks after Anadarko and its partners in the Mozambique project signed sales agreements with units of Tokyo Gas Co Ltd and Centrica Plc.
That deal with the Japanese and UK energy companies calls for the delivery of 2.6 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) from the start-up of production in Mozambique until the early 2040s.
Other firms lined up to buy gas from the project include units of Electricite de France SA, Japanese utility Tohoku Electric Power Co Inc and Thailand’s state-run PTT.
Anadarko’s partners in the project include units of Mitsui & Co Ltd of Japan and ONGC Videsh of India, among others.
The Mozambique project, which is located between both the Asia-Pacific and European markets, will consist of two liquefaction trains with the capacity to produce 12.88 MTPA to support development of the Golfinho/Atum fields located entirely within Offshore Area 1.
Ingram said Anadarko managed to squeeze about $4 billion out of the cost of building the onshore part of the project, bringing the cost down to about $600 per tonne, which according to a Reuters calculation would bring the total to about $7.7 billion.
In the past, Anadarko has said it was looking to raise about $14-15 billion for the project. Officials at the company were not immediately available to comment on the latest total cost estimate.
The company has said it expects to complete the facility in the 2023-2024 timeframe.
As consumers shift from coal to cleaner burning gas for power generation and other uses, demand for LNG is expected to exceed supply in 2022 or 2023, according to a report from energy consultant Wood Mackenzie.
In 2017, global LNG sales rose 9.9 percent to a record 289.8 million tonnes, according to the International Association of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers (GIIGNL).
Anadarko made its first discovery in Offshore Area 1 in 2010. In total, Ingram said the company and its partners have discovered about 75 trillion cubic feet of recoverable natural gas in the field.
Ingram said this project paves the way for significant future expansion of up to 50 MTPA in the future. Anadarko has said the Golfinho/Atum project will also supply initial volumes of about 100 million cubic feet per day of natural gas for domestic use in Mozambique.
Reportagem de Scott DiSavino; Edição por David Gregorio